Obesity has become a problem that many people pay attention to. The topics of \”anti-glycation\” and \”sugar/starch blockers\” are also constantly being mentioned.
So, what is the principle of anti-sugar? Why is White Kidney Bean Extract Considered an \”Anti-Sugar Artifact\”?
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What makes us fat?
The basic cause of overweight and obesity is an imbalance between energy expenditure and energy intake. Research published in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) and the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition shows that a diet rich in carbohydrates can cause a rapid rise in blood sugar levels. Not only is this highly associated with being overweight, it even increases the risk of developing diabetes and heart disease.
To give a brief introduction, the foods we eat every day that can be used to provide energy to the body are mainly composed of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins.
The main sources of carbohydrates in our usual food are: starch and sugar, mainly from staple foods such as rice and noodles, and sugar in processed foods. (In addition to starch and sugar, there is also dietary fiber, which is the good carbohydrate).
Carbohydrates, which can be converted into starch and fat in the body. After the carbohydrates are broken down, they are mainly supplied in the form of sugars for the energy needs of physical activities. The excess will be converted into fat and stored in the body, resulting in fat accumulation! In fact, more than 80% of the fat in the human body is converted from carbohydrates such as sweets and starches! At the same time, sugar is not only related to obesity, but also to the aging of the human body. A BBC documentary \”How to Slow Down\” pointed out that a large part of the cause of aging comes from – the sugar you consume every day. The sugar here, not only refers to the kind of sugar you usually eat, but also includes all kinds of carbohydrates, hidden in the various staple foods, desserts, and starchy foods you eat every day. Therefore, pay attention to anti-glycation (reduce starch intake, abstain from sugar), such as eating brightly colored foods, eating fatty fish, and eating foods with a bitter taste.
Starch Blocker, White Kidney Bean Extract
White kidney bean extract was the first successful, standardized starch blocker developed in the United States in the late 1990s.
In addition to being derived from natural, non-irritating white kidney beans, it is also the first starch blocker that has been extensively clinically proven to slow starch digestion and absorption.
White kidney beans, White kidney beans, also called white kidney beans. Experimental studies have found that there is a substance in white kidney beans that can inhibit the ability of α-amylase. During digestion, our body converts carbohydrates in food into sucrose through an enzyme called alpha-amylase, which is then consumed by the body as energy or stored as fat.
Sources of alpha-amylase inhibitors
There are three main pathways for naturally derived alpha-amylase inhibitors:
- Nitrogenous carbohydrates that produce one oligobiotic amine unit by microbial fermentation;
- Polypeptides produced by microorganisms, such as porcine pancreatic α-amylase inhibitors of microorganisms;
- Macromolecular protein inhibitors found in beans, cereals and other higher plants;
Among them, α-amylase inhibitors in higher plants are the main source in food applications at present. Studies have shown that α-amylase inhibitors extracted and purified from higher plants with high starch have physical and chemical properties such as isoelectric point, molecular weight, and optimum pH. There is no essential difference in characteristics.
The study also found that plant fruits with more starch content also contained more α-amylase inhibitors, which to a certain extent reflected a high adaptation of organisms to the natural environment. In the long-term evolution process of plants, in order to protect the starch in the fruit that they rely on for inoculation from being destroyed by the amylase in the surrounding environment, they will configure amylase inhibitors at the same time, which is also an important way for plants to protect themselves. one. This also provides us with a hint that high starch crops can be prioritized as extraction targets when looking for a large amount of α-amylase inhibitors.
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White Kidney Bean Extract Contains Alpha-Amylase Inhibitors
White kidney bean extract is refined from white kidney bean, a plant belonging to the genus Kidney bean. White kidney bean is a nourishing food with the functions of mildly lowering qi, benefiting the stomach, stopping hiccups, strengthening the spleen and strengthening the kidney. White kidney bean extract contains α-amylase inhibitor, which can effectively inhibit the decomposition of starch. When α-amylase acts on starch, it can cut the α-1,4 glycosidic bond from the inside of its molecule to generate dextrin and reducing sugar. The carbon atom of the terminal residue of the product is in configuration, so it is called a-amylase. And a class of protein compounds that can bind to the corresponding part on the α-amylase molecule and change its molecular conformation while reducing its catalytic activity or making it inactive are called α-amylase inhibitors, usually called \”StarchBlocker\” abroad.
Pharmacological effects of white kidney bean extract
Prevention and treatment of high blood pressure and high blood sugar
White kidney beans are effective for high blood pressure, mainly because it is a food with high potassium and low sodium, which helps the body to speed up the excretion of sodium salts, and improves blood pressure by regulating the osmotic pressure in the internal environment. And it has certain help in lowering blood sugar, which mainly depends on some of its components, which can be directly absorbed and utilized by human islets to accelerate the secretion of insulin, thereby helping patients to effectively lower blood sugar. Therefore, in addition to regular treatment, these two types of patients can also eat some white kidney beans appropriately, which is helpful to the condition.
Has a weight loss effect
White kidney beans contain a variety of ingredients that are beneficial to the human body, including saponins, uremic enzymes, a variety of globulins, vitamins and minerals. These substances can help us supplement nutrition, improve immunity, and enhance disease resistance. Effect.
Tumor suppressor effect
White kidney beans contain a variety of globulins such as hemagglutinin, which inhibit the immune response, the movement of white blood cells and lymphocytes.
White kidney beans have a good therapeutic effect on neuralgia, bruises, etc.