The plant bitter melon belongs to the family Cucurbitaceae and is known by the name bitter melon. Bitter melon grows in tropical and subtropical regions, including parts of East Africa, Asia, the Caribbean, and South America, where it is used as both food and medicine. It produces beautiful flowers and prickly fruits. The fruit of this plant lives up to its name – it tastes bitter. Although the seeds, leaves, and vines of bitter melon can all be used, its fruit is the safest and most widely used of the medicinal parts of the plant.